Illuminations #200, Adar B, 5779, Parshat Tzav

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Illuminations #200, Adar B, 5779, Parshat Tzav

Torah Gems

“He shall bring along with his thanksgiving offering unleavened loaves… with loaves of leavened bread… (7:12-13)”

Each Todah sacrifice was accompanied by thirty loaves of matzah and ten loaves of chametz. The matzah loaves symbolize the freedom from the misfortune that was endured by the person obligated to bring this offering, and the chametz loaves symbolize the misfortune itself. Since the misfortune is no longer present, and a person tends to forget the extent of the danger he was in once the misfortune has passed, when he comes to thank Hashem and bring Him an offering, these ten loaves serve to remind him of the extent of Hashem’s kindness for having saved him from distress. 

However, the majority of the loaves are made of matzah because once the person has appropriately thanked Hashem in full awareness of his past misfortune, and has also drawn the necessary conclusions by changing his ways for the better, he should focus on his current positive situation, and continue to improve his avodas Hashem.

Parsha Pearls

The Alei Shur states that anyone who stops to consider his own uniqueness will be astonished. Of all those who lived from the time of Adam through today, there has never been anyone else like you; and of all those who will live from now until the end of time, there will never be another person like you, with that unique combination of abilities, characteristics, particular traits, strengths and weaknesses that you possess. Every individual is so special and unique in all of creation that he is required to say, “The world was created for my sake.”

Glimpses of Greatness

The story is told of a time that Rav Yisrael Salanter entered the store of a shoemaker one evening. Rav Yisrael inquired of the shoemaker as to why he was still working if it was late and his candle would soon extinguish. The shoemaker replied, “As long as the candle is burning, there is still time to repair.” Rav Yisrael taught from here that as long as one is alive, he can grow and accomplish.

Halacha Weekly

Q.  How should one leading prayers pray silently if the Congregation uses a different custom?(II 15-361)

A. Can one who is an Ashkenazi say the silent prayer in the Ashkenaz version while the Congregation prays according to the Sefardic nusach (version)?   Igros Moshe (Orech Chaim 2-29, R. Moshe Feinstein Z”L)  holds that if the prayer leader (Chazan ) prays according to his own personal custom using a traditional version of the prayers (nusach tefilah)  … not only does he need  to repeat the prayers out loud (in the repetition of the shmoneh esreih prayers) according to their (the Congregation’s) nusach…also his prayer in silence needs to be according to their custom. This is because he will come to prepare his prayers later out load (when he prays by himself), and therefore he needs to say the version of the prayers which the congregation uses in order that he accustom his language according to the prayer version of the Congregation.

However, Shaarim Metyzanim Behalach (26-3, R. ShlomoZalman Braun Z”L) disagrees and writes on this Igros Moshe that he is very bewildered why (R. Moshe Feinstein Z”L) does not bring the Gaonim, and furthermore, this is contrary to what Ramah writes (100), that even in the prayers of the Moadim (the Seasons) that he is not accustomed to (say all year) in any event since he prays from a siddur he does not need to prepare his prayer, and the reason for this is because he sees what he is praying (in the siddur and will not come to make a mistake).  Also Magen Avraham writes (Orech Chaim 128-1000-30, and 585-100-9) that the rule is that those who lead prayers from the siddur are trusted to go over prayers (beforehand) and are not suspected of making errors (because of lack of familiarity with the text). [According to this reasoning, then, one leading prayers is permitted to say the nusach tefilah he is accustomed to say when praying silently even though it differs from that said by the Congregation.]